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Chinese troops to hold rare joint military exercise in Laos

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China will hold a rare joint military exercise with its landlocked neighbour Laos this month as Beijing tries to bolster security ties with regional allies to counter an expanding U.S. presence in Southeast Asia.

Southern Theater Command, one of the five theatre commands of the People’s Liberation Army, will send troops to Laos for the “Friendship Shield 2023” joint exercise, the Chinese defence ministry said on Friday in a brief statement.

The exercise, to be held from May 9 to 28, will simulate attacks on transnational armed criminal groups, and involve more than 900 personnel, including more than 200 Chinese troops, China’s state television reported.

The drill marks a step up from previous “Peace Train” joint humanitarian medical rescue exercises between Chinese and Laotian militaries in Laos.

This year, China and Cambodia held drills in Cambodian waters for the first time, also involving Southern Theater Command, whose operational area includes the South China Sea, largely claimed by Beijing. Other countries in the region, and international law, say those waters do not belong to China.

China also just concluded joint drills with Singapore in the southern reaches of the South China Sea, in international waters, according to Singapore’s defence ministry on Friday.

In February, China’s defence ministry sent a working group to Laos, Vietnam and Brunei for talks on regional security issues, with a focus on “bilateral defence cooperation mechanisms.”

China’s stronger military ties with its Southeast Asian allies coincide with Beijing’s diplomatic push to deepen engagement with its southerly neighbours.

In November, Chinese President Xi Jinping told Laotian President Thongloun Sisoulith on a visit to Beijing that the two countries must ensure efforts to “build a shared future between China and Laos.”

The exercise in Laos also comes as the United States increases military exercises in the region with annual war games in Indonesia and Thailand and the largest-ever annual drill last month with ally the Philippines involving more than 17,000 personnel.

Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos Jr said on Thursday that granting U.S. access to Philippine military bases is a defensive step that would be “useful” if China attacked democratically governed Taiwan, claimed by China as part of its territory.

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